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Hennepin, IL 61327
Monday thru Friday
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Communicable Diseases are diseases that cause infection in people and spread from person to person. These infectious diseases are a continuing threat to all people, regardless of age, gender, lifestyle, ethnic background, or socioeconomic status. They cause illness, suffering and even death, and place an enormous financial burden on society. Although modern advances have controlled some infectious diseases, new ones are constantly emerging. State public health officials rely on local public health agencies, healthcare providers, laboratories and other public health personnel to report the occurrence of notifiable diseases. Without such data, trends cannot be accurately monitored, unusual occurrences of diseases (such as outbreaks) might not be detected or appropriately responded to, and the effectiveness of control and prevention activities cannot be evaluated.
H1N1 can spread when an infected person coughs and sneezes and spreads germs through the air or onto surfaces that other people may touch. H1N1 virus is not transmitted by eating pork products. The information below will help you learn how to avoid getting sick and how to prevent any further spread of the disease. Like seasonal influenza H1N1 influenza is very contagious and can make you very ill. No one has an immunity unless they have been diagnosed this season by a confirmed lab test as having the disease this year. The public can call this hotline number for questions regarding the H1N1 Influenza: 1-800-447-1985.
Environmental Cleaning During Influenza Season
Clean frequently touched surfaces with your normal cleaning and disinfecting agents (including soap and water). Follow the directions on the label.
- Specialized cleaning agents are not necessary.
- The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains a list of commercial disinfecting products that are effective against influenza A viruses on hard non-porous surfaces; visit this link for a list.
- Do not spray (fog) rooms with disinfectant or air sanitizers. This is a potentially dangerous practice that has no proven disease control benefit.
Seasonal Influenza (Flu)
Influenza ("flu") is a contagious disease. It is caused by the influenza virus, which can be spread by coughing, sneezing, or nasal secretions. Other illnesses have the same symptoms and are often mistaken for influenza. But only an illness caused by the influenza virus is really influenza. Anyone can get influenza, but rates of infection are highest amoung children. For most people, it lasts only a few days. It can cause fever, cough, sore throat, headache, chills, muscle aches, and fatique. Some people, such as infants, elderly, and those with certain health conditions, can get much sicker. Flu can cause high fever and pneumonia, and make existing medical conditions worse. It can cause diarrhea and seizures in children. On average, 226,000 people are hospitalized every year because of influenza and 36,000 die-mostly elderly. Influenza vaccine can prevent influenza.
Centers for Disease Control: http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
Some germs that commonly live on the skin and in the nose are called staphylococcus or "staph" bacteria. Usually, staph bacteria don't cause any harm. Sometimes they can get inside the body through a break in the skin and they can cause an infection which can be treated by antibiotics. Sometimes the common antibiotics don't kill the staph bacteria, and then it means the bacteria have become resistant to those antibiotics. This type of staph is called MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus).
West Nile Virus
Since 1999, West Nile has spread across the continental United States. The virus was identified in a dead crow in the eastern part of Iowa in September 2001. Human cases in Iowa have been reported every year since 2002.
Lyme disease is a yearly concern in the Midwest, where cases of the tick-borne illness have been steadily increasing over the past decade. There were 105 cases of Lyme disease reported to IDPH in 2008; four cases have been reported so far in 2009. Most cases occur in northeast Iowa. Basic precautions can help prevent Lyme disease.